This is an open invitation for input from the readership. Here is what I came up and no doubt the following list of ten items can be improved. I look forward to your comments below.
1. The 1,600m is roughly 80% aerobic and 20% anaerobic. Thus, improving the aerobic metabolism is extremely important.
2. We will identify the critical zone for the 1,600m race in two parts – the last 400m and the last 200m. Specifically, for the 4:16 1,600m runner whose race averages out to 64 seconds per lap, the reality is that the runner needs to be able to run closer to 61 or 62 seconds in the final 400m and closer to 30 or 31 seconds for the final 200m. We want to develop someone who can win tactical races, not someone who can only run evenly paced time trials.
3. The five biomotor abilities – strength, speed, power, flexibility and endurance – must be addressed throughout the weekly micro cycle.
4. Competency at five paces – 400m pace, 800m pace, 1,600m pace, 3,200m pace and 5,000m pace.
5. A progression of strides at 400m pace, 800m pace and 1,600m pace should begin as early as possible in the annual macrocycle.
6. Posture and biomechanics need to be optimized. A slight forward lean of 1º to 2º, allow the athlete to utilize the hip flexors and put force into the track, is the goal.
7. General Strength and Mobility (GSM) must be done daily to allow for the intensity and volume of the running training.
8. Speed Development work needs to be done periodically to improve not only maximum speed, but also to improve Running Economy (RE).
9. The ability to run several types of races – sit and kick race, evenly paced race and races where the paces speeds up, then slows – is critical.
10. Ideally, the 1,600m runner will have the speed and power and anaerobic capabilities of a capable 400m runner, as well as the “aerobic engine” of a 5,000m runner. When in doubt, the coach and athlete should come back to this duality and ensure that their training is empowering the athlete with the abilities of both a 400m runner and a 1,600m runner.
Thanks to Wayne Clark for inviting me to Ohio to speak at the 2012 OATCCC clinic. Really excited to have the opportunity to come back to the clinic and hopefully everyone will be able to take something from the presentations.
Use the videos from the the Eight Week General Strength Progression to see Cannonball, Grant Green and the three exercises that comprise the Later Lunge (LL) warm-up (LL warm-up is: lateral lunge – 10m, single leg lunge – 3 x 3 on each leg, lateral shuffle – 20m)
Third Presentation: Threshold Training
Handout – click here
Forth Presentation: General Strength for High School Athletes
Handout (13 week General Strength and Mobility document…good resource) – click here
Are lateral leg raises too much to ask?
I coach cross country and we used these routines with great success. We started indoor where I am the assistant coach and I had my distance runners do this routine after their run. The Head coach saw them doing the lateral leg raise and told them not to point their toes up or down as this works the hip flexors and they already work those enough with our running workouts. She is a personal trainer and is very knowledgeable but we had no hip flexor issues in cross country and we ran injury free all year. Coach Johnson I would love to hear your thoughts.
I’m fortunate to have friends in the high school coaching community like Adam Kedge. I emailed Adam and a few other coaches who have made the Nike Cross Nationals last week the following questions. “How many races, from the start of the season until the state meet, do you have your varsity runners race all out? Also, do you have your varsity run certain races as threshold workouts (or some other kind of workout)?” The responses were really helpful and I’ll write a post in the coming days about training, recovery and racing at the high school level.
Adam is the boys coach at Albuquerque Academy where the boys have not only won multiple state championships in cross country and track and field, but they have qualified for the Nike Cross Nationals a number of times as well. More importantly, Adam’s a special coach in my life because he always asks how my family is and in our correspondence you can tell how important his family is to him. He’s not living vicariously through his nationally recognized team.
Adam also took the time to respond to this post on how to build a high school program. His detailed response is a gift and I feel lucky to share it with you. Thanks so much Adam for your time and your willingness to share.
I don’t know it all, however we’ve had a fairly successful program for a number of years and here are a few tips. I view the success of our program in a number of ways, the lasting relationships built with former athletes,the high level of participation,the pride in the program and performance at both the state level and the national level. Some ideas:
1) I’d start by stressing citizenship, academics first, and school involvement. [Read more…]